Human habitation of the Australian continent is estimated to have begun between 42,000 and 48,000 years ago. Australia's eastern half was claimed by Great Britain in 1770 and initially settled through penal transportation to the colony of New South Wales from 26 January 1788. Today Australia is a megadiverse country with about 85 per cent of flowering plants, 84 per cent of mammals, more than 45 per cent of birds, and 89 per cent of in-shore, temperate-zone fish are endemic. From the hundred year old giants that loom large in the forests of Tasmania, to the white sails of the Sydney Opera House, Australia has a lot to see. Regarding accessibilities, there are many resources available and finding good accommodation or accessible museums or restaurants is relatively easy. Browse by our options and ask the owners for more details.